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  • Aashi Dahiya
  • Mar 31, 23

Eye Allergies: What is it & How to treat it?

What is the first thing that comes to your mind when you think of the word “allergies”? Is it a food item, a dust mould, or a pet dander. While the most common allergies in the world are associated to these, there are also certain allergic conditions that affect your eyes. Yes, you read that right. Eye allergy is a serious and real condition affecting millions of people worldwide.

Also known as allergic conjunctivitis, this condition is caused by an allergic reaction to certain substances such as pollen, pet dander, dust mites, and mold spores. Eye allergies can also be triggered by certain medications, cosmetics, and chemicals.

In this blog, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for eye allergies.

What causes eye allergies?

Eye allergies are caused by an allergic reaction to certain substances. When these allergens come into contact with the eye, they cause an immune response, which leads to inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin membrane covering the white part of the eye and the inner eyelids. Common allergens include:

Pollen: Pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds can trigger allergic reactions, especially during the spring and fall seasons.

Pet dander: Pet allergens, such as cat and dog dander, can trigger allergies in people who are sensitive to them.

Dust mites: Dust mites are tiny insects that live in dust and can cause allergies.

Mold spores: Mold spores are found in damp and humid environments and can trigger allergies in sensitive individuals.

Cosmetics and chemicals: Some people may be allergic to certain ingredients in cosmetics, such as mascara, eye shadow, and eye liner, or chemicals found in cleaning products, air fresheners, and other household items.

How do I know if I have eye allergies?

Symptoms of eye allergies can vary in severity and may include:

  • Redness and swelling of the eyes
  • Itching and burning sensations in the eyes
  • Watery or teary eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurred vision
  • Eye discharge
  • Dark circles under the eyes
  • A feeling of grittiness in the eyes
  • Eyelid swelling
  • Conjunctivitis (pink eye)

Can I treat eye allergies?

Treatment for eye allergies depends on the severity of the symptoms. Mild cases can be treated with over-the-counter eye drops or oral medications. These medications help to reduce inflammation and relieve itching.

For more severe cases, prescription medications and eye drops may be necessary. These medications help to reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms such as redness, swelling, and itching. 

In addition to medications, avoiding allergens can help to reduce symptoms. This can include keeping pets out of the bedroom, using an air purifier, and avoiding outdoor activities during peak pollen season.

Can contact lenses relieve eye allergy?

Sadly no! Contact lenses are primarily meant for vision correction and even changing your appearance. Eye allergies can be solely treated with medications prescribed by your eye doctor.

The Takeaway

Eye allergies can be uncomfortable and disruptive to daily life, but with proper treatment and avoidance of allergens, symptoms can be managed. If you are experiencing symptoms of eye allergies, it is important to see a healthcare professional to determine the best course of treatment for your individual needs.

Watch out for this space for more information on eye health and eye care. 

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