Aqualens gif

article img
  • Aashi Dahiya
  • Apr 10, 23

Eye Exams In Children: A Must-Have Guide For Parents

As a parent or caregiver, it's important to ensure that your child's eyes are healthy and developing properly. One way to do this is by scheduling regular eye exams for your child. Eye exams can detect vision problems early on, allowing for timely treatment and prevention of potential long-term issues.

When Should Children Have Their First Eye Exam?

According to the American Optometric Association, children should have their first comprehensive eye exam at 6 months of age. This exam is typically performed by a pediatrician, family physician, or an optometrist.

Children should then have another comprehensive eye exam at age 3, and again at age 5 or 6, before starting school. After that, regular eye exams should be scheduled every two years, unless otherwise directed by an eye doctor.

Signs That Your Child May Need an Eye Exam

Even if your child has not reached the age for a scheduled eye exam, it's important to watch for signs that may indicate vision problems. Some signs that your child may need an eye exam include:

  •     Frequent eye rubbing
  •     Squinting or closing one eye
  •     Holding objects very close to the face
  •     Tilting the head to one side
  •     Frequent headaches or eye strain
  •     Difficulty with reading or performing close-up tasks
  •     Inability to see objects in the distance
  •     Eyes that appear to be crossed or misaligned

What Happens During an Eye Exam for Children?

During a comprehensive eye exam for children, an eye doctor will typically perform a series of tests to evaluate the child's vision and eye health. These tests may include:

Visual acuity test: Measures how well the child can see letters or pictures on a chart from a distance.

Retinoscopy: Uses a special instrument to shine light into the child's eye to determine the prescription needed for glasses or contact lenses.

Cover test: Checks for eye muscle imbalance or strabismus (crossed or misaligned eyes).

Refraction: Uses a phoropter (a machine with lenses of different strengths) to determine the child's exact eyeglass prescription.

Eye alignment and movement testing: Checks how well the child's eyes move and work together.

Slit-lamp exam: Examines the structures of the eye under high magnification.

Dilated eye exam: Dilates the pupil to allow for a more thorough examination of the inside of the eye.

What Happens if a Vision Problem is Detected?

If a vision problem is detected during the eye exam, the eye doctor will discuss treatment options with the parent or caregiver. Treatment may include:

  • Prescription contact lenses
  • Vision therapy exercises
  • Patching or covering one eye to strengthen the other eye

In some cases, vision problems may be related to underlying medical conditions. If this is the case, the eye doctor may refer the child to a specialist for further evaluation and treatment.


Regular eye exams are an important part of maintaining good eye health in children. By detecting vision problems early on, parents and caregivers can ensure that their children receive timely treatment and avoid potential long-term issues. If you have any concerns about your child's vision, don't hesitate to schedule an eye exam with an eye doctor.

Stay tuned for more on eye health for children and adults.

More for you to read


Referral Success! You Recieved Rs. 50

From one friend to another - Rs 50 Aquacash. Redeem in 7 days & get bigger discounts!